While the political world will be focused on the Iowa caucuses, Congress is back with both chambers in session. The House will consider changes to reporting and investing rules for small businesses and startups and reform to housing assistance programs. The House will also attempt to override the President’s veto of the Obamacare repeal that passed last year, and will re-vote on a bill to limit the President’s ability to lift Iranian sanctions. The Senate continues work on a bipartisan Energy bill.

 


IN THE HOUSE:

Snow-delayed Veto Override Vote

The House will vote to override the President's veto of the Reconciliation bill:
 

H.R. 3762 RESTORING AMERICANS' HEALTHCARE FREEDOM RECONCILIATION ACT OF 2015

Sponsor: Rep. Tom Price [R, GA-6]
(This bill was vetoed by the President on Jan 8, 2016)

H.R. 3762 would repeal key parts of the Affordable Care Act: the individual mandate, the employer mandate, and the Independent Payment Advisory Board (IPAB), and would defund Planned Parenthood for one year.


Snow-delayed Iran Sanctions Do-Over  Vote 

The House attempted to limit the President's ability to raise sanctions on Iran with a vote on H.R. 3662 on However, House Members did not make it to the House Floor within the 15 minutes allotted for the vote, and Speaker Ryan closed the vote with 137 votes outstanding (57 Republicans, 80 Democrats). The vote was "vacated" and will be held again this week:
 

H.R. 3662: IRAN TERROR FINANCE TRANSPARENCY ACT

Sponsor: Rep. Steve Russell [R, OK-5]

This bill prohibits the President from removing sanctions on foreign financial institutions until the President makes two certifications to Congress: (1) that the institution has not knowingly facilitated transactions or provided significant financial services for or on behalf of Iran’s Revolutionary Guard Corps or any of its agents, a foreign terrorist organization, or a person whose property or property interests are blocked pursuant to the IEEPA in connection with Iran’s proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. (2) that the institution no longer knowingly engages in illicit or deceptive financial transactions or other activities.


Investing, Reporting, & Oversight for Startups and Small Businesses

The House will vote on a package of financial services bills regarding investment, access to capital, and reporting requirements for startups and small businesses.

The bill that will be considered by the House this week actually contains several related bills related to SEC requirements for small businesses and startups.  (Read full text from the House Rules Committee):
 

H.R. 1675: THE ENCOURAGING EMPLOYEE OWNERSHIP ACT

Sponsor: Rep. Randy Hultgren [R, IL-14]

Included bills:
H.R. 1675Lifts the threshold of securities that must be reported to investors for private companies awarding stock as part of an employee’s compensation from $5 million to $10 million in one year.

H.R. 686 "The M&A Broker Bill" — would allow private Mergers and Acquisitions brokers to be exempt from registration with the SEC.

H.R. 1965 – Exempts small companies from requirement to file financial statements in "eXtensible Business Reporting Language (XBRL)"

H.R. 2354 – Requires the SEC to "review each significant regulation it has issued; determine by vote whether it is ineffective, excessively burdensome, unnecessary, or inconsistent with its mandate; solicit public comment as to whether the regulation should be amended or repealed; and subsequently amend or repeal accordingly."

H.R. 2356 – creates a safe harbor for certain publications or distributions of research reports by brokers or dealers distributing securities.

 

H.R. 2187: FAIR INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES FOR PROFESSIONAL EXPERTS ACT

Sponsor: Rep. David Schweikert [R, AZ-6]

Changes the definition of an “accredited investor” to include: 
(1) persons whose individual net worth, including their spouse’s, exceeds $1,000,000, excluding the value of their primary residence; (2) persons with an individual income greater than $200,000, or $300,000 for joint income; (3) persons with a current securities-related license; and (4) persons whom the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) determines have demonstrable education or job experience to qualify as having professional subject-matter knowledge related to a particular investment.

 

H.R. 2209: TO REQUIRE THE APPROPRIATE FEDERAL BANKING AGENCIES TO TREAT CERTAIN MUNICIPAL OBLIGATIONS AS LEVEL 2A LIQUID ASSETS…

Sponsor: Rep. Luke Messer [R, IN-6]

Requires federal banking agencies to treat certain municipal securities that are liquid, readily marketable, and investment grade as of the calculation date as high-quality level 2A assets.

 

H.R. 3784: SEC SMALL BUSINESS ADVOCATE ACT OF 2015

Sponsor: Rep. John Carney [R, DE]

Establishes an Office of the Advocate for Small Business Capital Formation and a Small Business Capital Formation Advisory Committee

 

H.R. 4168: SMALL BUSINESS CAPITAL FORMATION ENHANCEMENT ACT

Sponsor: Rep. Bruce Poliquin [R, ME-2]

Requires the SEC review the findings of the annual government-business forum and issue a public statement promptly assessing it and disclosing the action, if any, the SEC intends to take with respect to it.

 

H.R. 766: FINANCIAL INSTITUTION CUSTOMER PROTECTION ACT OF 2015

Sponsor: Rep. Blaine Luetkemeyer [R, MO-3]

Introduced in response to Operation "Choke Point," the bill "prohibits a federal banking agency from formally or informally suggesting, requesting, or ordering a depository institution to terminate either a specific customer account, or group of customer accounts, or otherwise restrict or discourage it from entering into or maintaining a banking relationship with a specific customer or group of customers, unless: (1) the agency has a material reason to do so, and (2) the reason is not based solely on reputation risk.

 


Housing Assistance Reform

The House will also vote on a series of changes to federal housing assistance programs. The “Housing Opportunity through Modernization Act" from Housing and Insurance Subcommittee Chair Blaine Luetkemeyer, includes changes to Section 8 rental assistance, public housing, rural housing, mortgage insurance, disaster housing assistance and homeless and veterans housing programs.

H.R. 3700: HOUSING OPPORTUNITY THROUGH MODERNIZATION ACT OF 2015

Sponsor: Rep. Blaine Luetkemeyer [R, MO-3]

H.R. 3700 would amend the United States Housing Act of 1937 to change certain aspects of the Department of Housing and Urban Development's (HUD’s) rental assistance programs. The bill would alter calculations of tenant income and rent; make households that exceed new income and asset limits ineligible for assistance; change requirements for adjusting payment standards; and expand eligibility for the Family Unification Program. The bill also would make changes to Federal Housing Administration (FHA) requirements that affect whether buyers of certain condominiums would be eligible to receive mortgage insurance from the agency. 

Find our more about the legislation and its anticipated effects and costs from the Congressional Budget Office


Also in the House: Coast Guard Funding, "Electrifying" Africa, Bills to Address Child Trafficking

 

H.R. 4188: COAST GUARD AUTHORIZATION ACT OF 2015

Sponsor: Rep. Duncan Hunter [R, CA-50]

authorizes appropriations for the Coast Guard for FY2016-FY2017 as well as an end-of-year strength for active duty personnel of 43,000 for each of them and specified average military training student loads.

 

S. 2152: ELECTRIFY AFRICA ACT OF 2015

Sponsor: Sen. Bob Corker [R, TN]

This bill states that it is U.S. policy to partner with the governments of sub-Saharan African countries, international financial institutions, and African regional economic communities, cooperatives, and private sectors to:

promote first-time access to power services for at least 50 million people in sub-Saharan Africa by 2020; encourage the installation of at least 20,000 additional megawatts of electrical power in sub-Saharan Africa by 2020; promote reliable and affordable power in urban, rural, and under served areas; encourage necessary reforms to support electricity access projects and market-based power generation and distribution; promote policies to displace kerosene lighting with other technologies; promote an energy development strategy for sub-Saharan Africa that includes the use of oil, natural gas, coal, hydroelectric, wind, solar, and geothermal power; and promote the use of private financing and seek ways to remove barriers to private financing and assistance for projects, including through charitable organizations. 
 

H.R. 515: INTERNATIONAL MEGAN’S LAW TO PREVENT DEMAND FOR CHILD SEX TRAFFICKING

Sponsor: Rep. Christopher Smith [R, NJ-4]

Establishes an "Angel Watch Center" within the Child Exploitation Investigations Unit of U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement to receive information on travel by child-sex offenders; establish a system to maintain and archive all relevant information… and to engage in ongoing negotiations with nongovernmental organizations, governments, and internet companies "to facilitate the implementation of an international sex offender travel notification system in the United States and in other countries."

 

H.R. 400: TRAFFICKING PREVENTION IN FOREIGN AFFAIRS CONTRACTING ACT

Sponsor: Rep. Edward Royce [R, CA-39]

Would require the Department of State and the U.S. Agency for International Development each to submit a report to the Congress on how they would define recruitment and placement fees charged by contractors or their agents. The agencies also would be required to modify their contracting policies and practices to prevent trafficking in persons. 

 


IN THE SENATE:

 

Energy Reform

The Senate will continue its work on the bipartisan “Energy Policy Modernization Act” (S. 2012).

Last week, the Senate adopted three amendments to the energy bill. (130+ amendments have been proposed — including one amendment that would provide $600 million in federal aid to Flint, Michigan)

  • Agreed to Crapo Amendment (87-4 voteRequires the Department of Energy to work with private partnerships to test and demonstrate new reactor concepts
  • Agreed to Markey Amendment (62-29 voteRequires the Government Accountability Office to conduct a review on energy production and the effects of crude oil exports and submit a report to Congress
  • Agreed to Schatz Amendment (55-37 voteDesignates funding for advanced research projects

 

S. 2012 ENERGY POLICY MODERNIZATION ACT OF 2015

Sponsor: Sen. Lisa Murkowski [R, AK]

SUMMARY OF KEY PROVISIONS (Provided by Committee on Natural Resources)

Section-by-section analysis   |  Bill Text   |   CBO Score (estimate of effect on federal revenue)

  • Efficiency – Energy efficiency provides significant benefits for consumers, the economy, and the environment. The provisions in this title include agreements on everything from longer-term utility energy service contracts to the reauthorization of the weatherization and state energy programs. The efficiency of our homes, buildings, and manufacturing facilities all stand to increase as a result of it.
     
  • Infrastructure – We depend on electrical transmission lines and other infrastructure to transport energy from where it is produced to where it is used. This title will help modernize our electrical grid, enhance cybersecurity safeguards, maintain the Strategic Petroleum Reserve, provide a streamlined process for natural gas export projects, and ensure a qualified, well-trained workforce.
     
  • Supply – To provide for an energy supply that is increasingly abundant, affordable, clean, diverse, and secure, this title focuses on the development of renewable energy, traditional resources, and non-fuel minerals alike. The responsible development of American resources – including hydropower geothermal, bioenergy and rare earth elements – will strengthen our economy, competitiveness, and security for decades to come.
     
  • Accountability – Practical reforms are needed to advance innovation, protect electric reliability, and ensure the proper stewardship of taxpayer dollars. Among the provisions in this title are the reauthorization of certain energy-related components of the America COMPETES Act, better interagency coordination of energy/water initiatives, and the repeal of numerous provisions within the U.S. Code that are outdated or redundant.
     
  • Conservation Reauthorization – The Committee is also responsible for oversight and stewardship of our public lands. The bipartisan legislation permanently reauthorizes the Land and Water Conservation Fund in a way that balances land acquisition with other conservation programs important to states and permanently reauthorizes the Historic Preservation Fund, both set to expire this fall. It also creates a new National Park Maintenance and Revitalization Fund, to address the maintenance backlog at some of our nation’s most treasured public places.

 

Please keep in mind that highlighting a bill does not imply POPVOX endorsement in any way. As always, our goal is to offer one more way to help you stay informed about the complex U.S. legislative system.